Comparative Analysis on Aluminium Interdigitated Electrode Surface: Influence of Ionic Strength and Electrolytes Changes


  • Hussaini Adam
  • Subash C. B. Gopinath
  • Tijjani Adam
  • Makram A. Fakhri
  • Evan T. Salim
  • Uda Hashim



The field of generating surface thin films in sensing applications is emerging, and the incorporation of thin film technology into sensor development for enhanced sensing is becoming increasingly significant in various industries such as healthcare, environmental monitoring, and food safety. However, in order to achieve higher specificity in biosensing, advances in nanomaterial biofunctionalization are crucial. This research focuses on the fabrication and characterization of nanobiosensors with surface modification using two different sensing materials: zinc oxide and gold nanorod nanocomposites. The aim of this study was to enhance the sensing capabilities of nanobiosensors by incorporating surface modification with different sensing materials. The fabrication of nanobiosensors involved using silicon as the base material and conventional photolithography to fabricate aluminium interdigitated electrodes with three different structures and gap sizes. AutoCAD software was utilized to create three different photo masks with varying gap sizes. Physical characterization of the fabricated ALIDEs was conducted using atomic force microscope, high power microscope, scanning electron microscope, and 3D-profilormeter. The electrical characterization of the ALIDEs was performed using a Keithley 6487 picoammeter. I-V measurements were conducted on bare ALIDEs as well as surface modified ALIDEs with zinc oxide and gold nanorod. I-V measurements were also performed for pH scouting. The I-V measurements on bare ALIDEs revealed that ALIDEs modified with gold nanorod conducted the least current compared to ALIDEs modified with zinc oxide. Furthermore, the ALIDEs modified with gold nanorod were found to be stable under various electrolytes environments after undergoing pH scouting.


Aluminium, Gold Nanorod, Zinc Oxide, pH, Analysis




How to Cite

Hussaini Adam, Subash C. B. Gopinath, Tijjani Adam, Makram A. Fakhri, Evan T. Salim, and Uda Hashim, “Comparative Analysis on Aluminium Interdigitated Electrode Surface: Influence of Ionic Strength and Electrolytes Changes”, IJNeaM, vol. 17, no. June, pp. 19–23, Jun. 2024.