Simulation of Piezoelectric Transducer Microphone Diaphragm Based on Different Materials


  • Mohd Hafiz Ismail
  • Wen Jie Koh
  • Bibi Nadia Taib
  • Shazlina Johari
  • Siti Noorjannah Ibrahim



Piezoelectric microphone which utilizes MEMS technology is a type of transducer that converts an input acoustic signal into an output electrical signal. The characteristics of the microphone diaphragm such as the diaphragm design features and the type of piezoelectric materials used will affect the performance of the microphone in terms of sensitivity. It is hard to control the stress of the diaphragm used in the MEMS transducer microphone. A modification of the diaphragm is done in this project to reduce the residual stress of the piezoelectric transducer. In addition, finite element analysis namely structural, modal and harmonic were carried out using Ansys 15.0 to simulate the mechanical and dynamic behaviour of the microphone diaphragm. Two types of diaphragm structure were designed, namely square and circular, while three types of piezoelectric material which are AlN, PZT and ZnO were used as the diaphragm material. The structural analysis findings of the diaphragm subjected to 1 Pa pressure revealed that the circular diaphragm made of AlN material exhibited the highest stress, reaching 43.05 GPa, surpassing the stresses observed in the other two materials. On the contrary, the square diaphragm composed of PZT material demonstrated the lowest stress, with only 1.55 GPa. In terms of resonance frequency, the circular AlN diaphragm achieved the highest resonant frequency, reaching 449.84 kHz, whereas the square PZT diaphragm exhibited the lowest frequency at 200.25 kHz. In general, the circular diaphragm design consistently yielded higher first resonant frequencies compared to the square design.The results show that the circular diaphragm with AlN piezoelectric materials is the ideal diaphragm in the microphone because of the highest stress generated and the first resonant frequency. The stress is related to the sensitivity of a microphone while the high resonant frequency can lead to the better optimization of signal to noise ratio control.


MEMS, Piezoelectric microphone, Transducer, Stress, Deformation




How to Cite

Mohd Hafiz Ismail, Wen Jie Koh, Bibi Nadia Taib, Shazlina Johari, and Siti Noorjannah Ibrahim, “Simulation of Piezoelectric Transducer Microphone Diaphragm Based on Different Materials”, IJNeaM, vol. 17, no. June, pp. 13–18, Jun. 2024.